KOKOMO, Ind. — Familiar with terms such as block chute,
grade stabilization structure, native grass plantings, grassed waterways and
canopy inlet pipes?
For Sarah Lake, resource specialist for the Indiana State
Department of Agriculture’s Division of Soil Conservation, these items are just
a part of her everyday work in assisting Hoosier farmers and other landowners
with making sound conservation practices work toward their bottom line as a
Lake works for the ISDA out of Kokomo and the surrounding
four-county area and also is a leader for the Conservation Reserve Enhancement
Program administered by the state.
She grew up in the Fort Wayne area, but an interest in
environmental science took her to Purdue University. After graduation, she
worked for a couple of county governments before beginning at the ISDA Division
of Soil Conservation.
“Growing up, I didn’t know there were jobs like this,” she
said. “I love being outside and working in the environment. It’s also nice to
help the farm community and hopefully make a difference.”
Spending part of a recent day showing guests a little about
her job, Lake first takes them to a block chute, a grade stabilization structure
she designed to help prevent erosion into a stream on a Tipton County farm.
Because of the relatively steep grade of the stream bank, water running through
the field rushes down and takes soil sediment and nutrients with it.
The block chute is composed in part with cinder blocks and
designed to hold the soil in place as the water runs over the edge of the bank,
so the soil runoff is kept to a minimum. Lake designs a number of these and
other devices to reduce erosion, as do other members of the ISDA soils team
across the state.
This is just one of the many types of projects with which
Lake is involved. Even on this same property, a couple of hundred yards away
from the stream bank is a new waterway also designed by Lake.
The idea here is again to reduce soil erosion and keep
nutrients in the ground, rather than allowing them to reach the water.
“If a farmer has a gulley in the field, he can seek
assistance from us,” Lake explained. “We will look at how much water is coming
into the area and then at the grade, and we’ll design a waterway. One thing we
can do, as we did here, is widen the bottom. That reduces the velocity of water
going through that area.”
ISDA Director Gina Sheets said having the resource
specialists positioned around the state also provides a two-way conduit of
information for the department in its mission to work alongside Indiana’s
“Because the soils team is out in the fields working with
the farmers, ISDA gains firsthand knowledge of the challenges facing our
farmers,” she said. “ISDA can then be even more proactive and timely in our
assistance, being of service around the state of Indiana.”
Lake said she experiences a positive response from
landowners to the offers of assistance ISDA give to producers.
“We get a good response from producers,” she said. “There
can be some additional paperwork involved, but the benefits to their field, the
sustainability of their farm and the cost-share opportunities all make it worth
it to them.”
Much of the work is part of an extended partnership
involving the ISDA, Soil and Water Conservation Districts and various federal
agencies such as U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation
Service and Farm Service Agency.
ISDA Soil Conservation Division employee Jordan Seger said
ISDA resource specialists such as Lake — there are 26 of them across the state —
truly are there to help Hoosier landowners both in conservation efforts and in
supporting their economic bottom line.
“ISDA resource specialists work directly with private
landowners, county Soil and Water Conservation Districts and the USDA Natural
Resource Conservation Service to voluntarily and proactively address and
overcome soil and water resource issues like erosion in crop fields,” he said.
“By utilizing land survey techniques and applying proven
designs, specialists custom tailor erosion control and agronomic solutions to
resolve resource issues on agricultural land across the state, allowing for
efficient farm production while being good stewards of the land.”