Strong financial management on the farm doesn’t come from one particular practice. It’s a combination of good habits that help you interpret what the numbers in your operation are telling you.

And these practices should be geared toward helping you do everything a little bit better on your farm. That’s what the most successful farmers are doing today.

Ag economist and speaker David Kohl says that according to studies done by ag universities, there’s about a 60 percent difference between the financial information on your farm that gets reported for tax purposes and what actually happened in your business that year.

It’s almost impossible to manage things well by merely looking at your tax records from the previous year. Those records do not give you a complete picture of what’s happening in your business.

You want the most accurate data possible to make business decisions, so you need to be using accrual-based statements and analysis. Your banker or financial consultant can help you put together an accrual statement and analysis.

Using this in your decision-making is one of the best financial practices you can put in place. This will put you ahead of the game because you’ll be highly aware of what’s going on.

Another area to manage carefully is your working capital. A healthy ratio of liquid assets in your operation is especially important when opportunities come up — like the chance to buy a piece of land close to home that you’ve always had your eye on or a good deal on a piece of equipment you need.

I’ve talked about how your farm’s financial metrics are like the numbers that you get from your doctor when he runs tests to measure your health.

Knowing those numbers is how you find out what’s going on in your body and what you can improve. In the same way, you can work with a financial consultant to interpret your farm’s data and determine what you can do with it.

Here are a few more ideas you may find helpful in building good financial management practices in your operation. First, how are you tracking your farm expenses?

Related to that, how are you tracking your family living expenses? If your farm is incorporated, you already should be keeping these accounts separated, since that’s the law for an incorporated business.

If your farm isn’t incorporated, it can be tempting to keep everything in one pot since you aren’t required to separate it out. That might make things easier in the short term for cash flow reasons.

However, in the long run it’s much more helpful to you to keep it separated. Knowing exactly how much you are spending in different categories is essential to making good financial management decisions on the farm.

Next, take time to create expense categories that make sense for your operation. Then you can track and see if you overspend in any particular area. You can easily see the areas where you’re already doing a great job of managing costs.

When your costs increase because fuel or seed prices jumped, then your numbers will reflect that. If something else causes an increase, you’ll be able to identify precisely what happened. Sometimes the numbers can be pretty revealing.

Finally, it’s about having the right financial tools at your disposal in order to evaluate how you’re spending money in your operation. Seeing what you need to do to create positive changes can be very powerful and motivating.

Otherwise, it’s hard to figure out what happened. You might feel like shrugging your shoulders and saying something like this, “Well, fuel prices were out of hand this year,” or “Seed was just really expensive.” It’s easier to create scapegoats when it’s not clear why expenses were higher.

Using budgets allows you to compare your plans with the actual costs. You figure out where your money is going and you have the opportunity to make different management decisions based on the numbers.

Success comes from tracking your expenses carefully. David Kohl, who I mentioned earlier, recommends this to farmers as a tool that can help when you’re working to manage your expenses.

At our Ag Edge Farm Business Seminars this winter, he’ll be talking with farmers about what’s coming next economically in ag and how you can best prepare for it.

Find a seminar near you and check out the agenda on our website at You’ll gain valuable insights to take back to your farm from speakers on a variety of farm business topics.